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<*theory*> The powerdomain of a domain D is a domain
containing some of the subsets of D. Due to the asymmetry
condition in the definition of a partial order (and
therefore of a domain) the powerdomain cannot contain all the
subsets of D. This is because there may be different sets X
and Y such that X <= Y and Y <= X which, by the asymmetry
condition would have to be considered equal.

There are at least three possible orderings of the subsets of a powerdomain:

Egli-Milner:

X <= Y iff for all x in X, exists y in Y: x <= y and for all y in Y, exists x in X: x <= y("The other domain always contains a related element").

Hoare or Partial Correctness or Safety:

X <= Y iff for all x in X, exists y in Y: x <= y("The bigger domain always contains a bigger element").

Smyth or Total Correctness or Liveness:

X <= Y iff for all y in Y, exists x in X: x <= y("The smaller domain always contains a smaller element").

If a powerdomain represents the result of an abstract interpretation in which a bigger value is a safe approximation to a smaller value then the Hoare powerdomain is appropriate because the safe approximation Y to the powerdomain X contains a safe approximation to each point in X.

("<=" is written in LaTeX as \sqsubseteq).

(1995-02-03)

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